Loading...
Siak Hulu, Kampar, Riau
Mon - Fri : 09.00 AM - 09.00 PM
+62 819 818 001

The feasibility of tilapia cultivation

user avatar
Created By
Shanjaya Mandala Putra
14-11-2022
user avatar
Edited By
Hamiman Simbolon
17-05-2022
user avatar
Review By
Ita Apriyani
17-05-2022
image-article

Image Source : https://dayaternak.com/analisa-usaha-budidaya-ikan-nila/

Tilapia is one type of freshwater fish consumption that is easy to cultivate and easy to market compared to other types of freshwater fish. This is because tilapia is a type of fish that has a high tolerance for extreme water conditions. In addition, tilapia has quite a lot of fans among the wider community. So that tilapia cultivation has the opportunity to be used as a side or main business. The business can be started from a household scale or hobby to even a business scale.

Reporting from the official United Nations website, in 2011 the world's population reached seven billion people. Then in 2016 it reached 7.4 billion people and the world's population in 2020 reached 7.7 billion people. It is estimated that in 2030 it will grow to reach 8.5 billion people and in 2050 it will reach 9.7 billion people. Meanwhile, the population in Indonesia was explained by Prof. Zudan Arif Fakrulloh, a Director General of Dukcapil, Ministry of Home Affairs, when giving a virtual public lecture regarding the Development of Administrative Policies for Masters Students of the Law Study Program at Tanjungpura University. He stated that according to Population Administration (Adminduk) data as of June 2021, the total population of Indonesia was 272,229,372, of which 137,521,557 were male and 134,707,815 were female.

The potential of freshwater fish farming, especially tilapia, is increasingly lucrative in line with the increase in population and the increase in fish consumption. Reporting from the official United Nations website, in 2011 the world's population reached seven billion people. Then in 2016 it reached 7.4 billion people and the world population in 2020 reached 7.7 billion people. It is estimated that in 2030 it will grow to reach 8.5 billion people and in 2050 it will reach 9.7 billion people. Meanwhile, the population in Indonesia was explained by Prof. Zudan Arif Fakrulloh, a Director General of Dukcapil, Ministry of Home Affairs, when giving a virtual public lecture regarding the Development of Adminduk Policies for S2 Students of the Law Study Program at the University of Tanjungpura. He stated that according to Population Administration (Adminduk) data as of June 2021, the total population of Indonesia was 272,229,372, of which 137,521,557 were male and 134,707,815 were female. The increase in population will affect food needs, including the production of freshwater fish, especially tilapia, which must be further increased.

In addition, the current condition is that the population of marine fish is decreasing due to overfishing and irresponsible marine resource extraction practices. So that breeding freshwater fish such as tilapia becomes an alternative to meet the needs of food that is rich in nutritional value.

Aspects of the feasibility of tilapia cultivation

The feasibility of tilapia cultivation is shown based on economic, social and environmental aspects.

1. Economic aspect

Tilapia cultivation provides economic benefits for the community, including:

  • Providing job opportunities, not only for fish farmers, but also for other related parties, such as fish traders, laborers, transportation businesses and others.
  • Source of family income and other related parties.
  • Increasing the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the Regional Government, either through increasing the volume of production or expanding the market.
  • Sources of foreign exchange earnings through sales, both in the form of fresh fillets and frozen fillets to foreign markets (exports).
  • This business also has backward linkage, namely the business of making fish feed, artificial fertilizers, and hatchery cultivation. In addition, it also has forward linkage, such as in fish trading, transportation services, restaurants, fishing recreation services, fish fillet processing, and so on.

2. Social aspect

Tilapia cultivation provides social benefits for the community, including:

  • Availability of affordable protein sources.
  • Improve community nutrition.
  • Restocking tilapia fry can restore the function and role of public waters as a balanced aquatic ecosystem.

3. Environmental aspects

Environmental aspects need to be a major concern in the paradigm of national aquaculture development or aquaculture. Environmental aspects study the impact of business activities on the surrounding environment, whether polluting or not. Considerations about natural systems and environmental quality in the analysis of a business will support the continuity of a business, because no business will last long if it is not friendly to the environment.

One of the positive impacts of tilapia cultivation on the environment is that the quality of the waters near the tilapia farming business is relatively in good condition, if the fishery business carried out can be controlled effectively. In addition, the waste produced by tilapia cultivation does not have a pungent smell like catfish and other fish waste.

Based on the aspects described above, we know that a study on the feasibility of tilapia cultivation is very important before starting a business. This business feasibility study is important for business development and strategy. This aspect is useful for determining where and how the business itself works. Doing this can also identify potential problems that might disrupt operations, as well as determine the amount of budget needed for the business to run.