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The nutritional content of tilapia compared to other types of freshwater fish

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Created By
Shanjaya Mandala Putra
14-11-2022
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Edited By
Hamiman Simbolon
17-05-2022
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Review By
Barkah Tri Basuki
17-05-2022
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Image Source : banglele.co.id

The nutritional content of fish includes:

1. Protein

  • The fish protein content is higher than cereal protein in nuts, equivalent to meat, slightly below eggs.
  • Fish protein is very easy to digest, so it is good for toddlers whose digestive systems are not as perfect as adults.
  • Fish protein contains various amino acids in a form close to the amino acids in the human body. The amino acid composition of fish protein is also more complete than other food ingredients, one of which is taurine, which is very useful in stimulating the growth of toddler brain cells.

2. Fat

  • Fish fatty acids are unsaturated essential fatty acids. Unsaturated fatty acids are very useful for maintaining a healthy body and maintaining stable cholesterol levels.
  • Some fish that come from the deep sea, such as salmon, tuna, sardines and mackerel, contain fatty acids that are members of the omega-3 fatty acid group. The most dominant fatty acids in this group are eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Both are useful in lowering cholesterol in the blood and increasing the growth of small brain cells.

3. Vitamins

  • Vitamin A is abundant in fish liver oil, useful for preventing blindness in children.
  • Vitamin D is not only found in fish meat, but also in eggs and fish liver oil. This vitamin is essential for bone growth and strength.
  • Vitamin B6 helps metabolize amino acids and fats and prevents anemia and nerve damage.
  • Vitamin B12 is useful in the formation of red blood cells, helps metabolize fat, and protects the heart and nerve damage.

4. Minerals

  • Iron is much more easily absorbed by the body than from other sources such as cereals or nuts. Iron helps prevent anemia.
  • Iodine prevents the occurrence of goiter and inhibits children's growth, even intelligence.
  • Selenium plays a role in helping the body's metabolism and as an antioxidant that protects the body from free radicals, antioxidants can prevent degenerative diseases such as coronary heart disease.
  • Zinc helps enzymes and hormones work.
  • Fluorine strengthens and nourishes small teeth.

Tilapia nutritional content

There are various benefits of tilapia. These benefits, of course, come from the nutrients it contains. In 100 grams of tilapia, it contains about 20.08 grams of protein and only 96 calories. In addition, this fish is also a good source of vitamins and minerals for the body. Here is a complete list of vitamins and minerals contained in about 100 grams of tilapia:

Table 1. Nutrien content of tilapia fish

Ingredients

Amount

Energy

96 kcal

Total fat

1.70 g

Total carbohydrates

       0 g

Protein

20.08 g

Dietary fiber

        0 g

Mineral (potassium)

302 mg

 

The average nutritional content of other freshwater fish

Meanwhile, the nutritional content of several types of freshwater cultured fish per 100 grams (taken from the source list of food ingredients composition) are as follows:

Table 2. The average content of freshawter fish

Ingredients

Amount

Energy

94 kcal

Total fat

2,84 g

Total carbohydrates

 0,67 g

Protein

16,64 g

Dietary fiber

      0 g

Minerals (calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, iron, zinc)

406,04

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conclusion

100 grams of tilapia fish has a total fat content and total carbohydrates that are lower than the total fat content and total carbohydrates of the average other freshwater fish, however, tilapia has a higher energy and protein content than the average energy and protein content. other freshwater fish. Tilapia contains low minerals, but is superior in potassium content. Potassium itself is needed by the human body as an electrolyte that plays an important role in regulating body fluids, delivering electrical signals to nerves, and regulating muscle contraction.